Leg and Foot Muscles - Find the Pain Source by the Pain Location

Search pain and conditions by muscle

The foot muscles have a tough job. It is easy to injure and overload the muscle tissue in the feet.

Find the foot and leg muscles that are causing your leg and foot pain.

See the links to each muscle at the bottom of this page

Under Big Toe Pain
Flexor hallucis longus, flexor hallucis brevis, tibialis posterior

Under Little Toe Pain (the four smaller toes)
Flexor digitorum longus, tibialis posterior

Head of Metatarsal Pain
Flexor hallucis brevis, flexor digitorum brevis, adductor hallucis, flexor hallucis longus, interosseous, abductor digiti minimi, flexor digitorum longus, tibialis posterior, flexor digiti minimi brevis

Arch and Midfoot Pain
Gastrocnemius, flexor digitorum longus, adductor hallucis, soleus, abductor hallucis, interosseous, tibialis posterior

Heel Pain
Soleus, quadratus plantae, abductor hallucis, tibialis posterior, abductor digiti minimi, gastrocnemius

Top of Foot Pain
Extensor digitorum brevis, extensor hallucis brevis, extensor digitorum longus, extensor hallucis longus, flexor hallucis brevis, interosseous, tibialis anterior

Top Little Toe Pain (the four smaller toes)
Interosseous foot muscles, extensor digitorum longus

Top of Big Toe Pain
Tibialis anterior, extensor hallucis longus, flexor hallucis brevis
Toe Numbness
Flexor hallucis longus, interosseous foot muscles, peroneus longus, abductor hallucis, adductor hallucis, extensor digitorum longus

Front of leg pain
Adductor longus, Tibialis anterior

Back of Leg Pain
Gastrocnemius, gluteus minimus, flexor digitorum longus, plantaris, tibialis posterior, soleus

Side of Leg Pain
Gastrocnemius, gluteus minimus, peroneus longus, peroneus brevis, vastus lateralis

Front of ankle pain
Extensor digitorum longus, peroneus tertius, tibialis anterior

Back of Ankle Pain
Soleus, tibialis posterior

Outer Ankle Pain
Abductor digiti minimi, Peroneus longus, peroneus brevis, peroneus tertius

Inner Ankle Pain
Abductor hallucis, Gastrocnemius, flexor digitorum longus, soleus

Leg and foot Numbness
Abductor hallucis, adductor hallucis, flexor hallucis longus, extensor digitorum longus, interosseus, gluteus minimus, piriformis, soleus

Inner Knee Pain
Vastus medialis, gracilis, rectus femoris, Sartorius, adductor longus

Outer Knee Pain
Vastus lateralis

Front of Knee Pain
Rectus Femoris, vastus medialis, adductor longus

Back of Knee Pain
Gastrocnemius, biceps femoris, popliteus, semitendinosus, semimembranosus, soleus, plantaris

Outer Thigh and Hip Pain
Gluteus minimus, vastus lateralis, periformis, quadratus lumborum, tensor fasciae latae, gluteus maximus

Inner Thigh Pain
Pectineus, vastus medialis, gracilis, adductor magnus

Front of Thigh Pain
Adductor longus, psoas, adductor magnus, vastus intermedius, pectineus, Sartorius, quadratus lumborum, rectus abdominis

Back of Thigh Pain
Gluteus minimus, Semitendinosus, semimembranosus, biceps femoris, piriformis, intrapelvic muscles

Thigh Numbness
Sartorius, psoas, gluteus minimus

Groin Pain
Pectineus, adductor longus, adductor magnus, rectus abdominis, abdominal obliques, psoas, intrapelvic muscles

Restless leg syndrome
Gastrocnemius, Soleus

Trouble balancing
Sternocleidomastoid, gluteus minimus

Tight hamstrings
Adductor magnus, gastrocnemius, quadriceps femoris, iliapsoas / psoas

Tight Achilles tendon
Tibialis posterior

Thigh cramps, calf cramps, upper leg cramps, lower leg cramps
Sartorius, gastrocnemius

Weak ankles
Peroneus, tibialis posterior, tibialis anterior

Shin splint pain, shin splints
Peroneus, tibialis anterior, tibialis posterior

Trouble climbing steps or tripping on stairs
Popliteus, Sartorius, quadriceps femoris, vastus medialis

Buckling knee
Vastus medialis, quadriceps, adductor longus

gluteus minimus, hamstrings, piriformis, iliopsoas / psoas

Find the links to these leg and foot muscles here:

Abductor Digiti Minimi
Abductor Hallucis
Adductor Hallucis and Flexor Hallucis Brevis
Extensor Digitorum Brevis and Extensor Hallucis Brevis
Extensor Digitorum Longus and Extensor Hallucis Longus
Flexor Digiti Minimi Brevis
Flexor Digitorum Brevis
Flexor Digitorum Longus and Flexor Hallucis Longus
Gluteus Maximus
Peroneus Muscles
Quadratus Plantae
Tibialis Anterior
Tibialis Posterior

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